Added: Jameil Drewry - Date: 18.11.2021 09:42 - Views: 48116 - Clicks: 5194
All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access. No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BYany part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with ificant potential for high impact in the field. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication.
The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel sexting viet nam study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature.
This type of paper provides an outlook on future directions of research or possible applications. Editors select a small of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field.
The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal. You can make submissions to other sexting viet nam here. Article Menu. Ngoc Nguyen, D. Quynh Thi Nguyen, H. Tuan Nguyen, A. Duy Nguyen, H. Phuong Bui, T. Bich Thi Vu, T. Thanh Le, K. Tuan Nguyen, D. Tat Nguyen, C. Gia Vu, L. Thu Vu, G. Xuan Tran, B. Latkin, C. Ho, R. Ho, C. Ngoc Do, H. Need Help? Support Find support for a specific problem in the support section of our website. Get Support. Feedback Please let us know what you think of our products and services.
Give Feedback. Get Information. Open Access Article. Diep Ngoc Nguyen. Hoa Quynh Thi Nguyen. Anh Tuan Nguyen. Hiep Duy Nguyen. Thanh Phuong Bui. Thao Bich Thi Vu. Khiet Thanh Le. Dung Tuan Nguyen. Cuong Tat Nguyen. Linh Gia Vu. Giang Thu Vu. Bach Xuan Tran. Carl A. Roger C.
Cyrus S. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. A cross-sectional study was conducted in five Vietnamese provinces to document current attitudes and practices regarding sexual behaviors among youths. The information on sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sexual behaviors was collected via self-reported questionnaires.
The factors associated with risky sexual behaviors were identified by the multivariate logistic regression. Among the participants, Participants in urban areas were more likely not to intend to use condoms and had a higher unintended pregnancy rate than in rural areas. Older age was positively associated with not wanting to use and not using condoms. Substance-using participants were more likely to not use condoms. The participants taking alcohol or other stimulants before sex had a higher likelihood of unintended pregnancy. Sex-related educational programs about the consequences of substance use, multiple sex partners, and unprotected sex should be developed.
Keywords: risky sexual behaviors; adolescents; youths; condom use; alcohol; unintended pregnancy risky sexual behaviors ; adolescents ; youths ; condom use ; alcohol ; unintended pregnancy. Introduction Risky sexual behaviors among youths and adolescents are a global public health issue [ 12 ]. Young people experience substantial physical and psychosocial sequelae sexting viet nam the HIV infection [ 3 ].
To effectively prevent and control the HIV infection, more researche is needed to study risky behaviors among youths and adolescents in a culturally relevant context in order to fill sexting viet nam gaps [ 45 ]. The prevalence of young people reporting that they do not use condoms consistently during sexual intercourse has been found to be relatively high, e. Having multiple sex partners or concurrent relationships among youths is also common [ 78 ]. Unprotected sexual practices substantially increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections STIs and unintended pregnancies [ 910 ].
studies have shown evidence that supportive parent-child relationships may reduce the risk of unprotected sexual behaviors among teens [ 1617 ]. Adolescents and youths in disadvantaged communities, such as rural, mountainous, and other underdeveloped areas, are more likely to have higher sexual risks [ 17 ]. Youths who attended school-based programs, such as comprehensive sex- and HIV-education programs, have been found to have less sexual risk taking and lower pregnancy rates [ 18 ].
Currently, new factors of risky behaviors may be more pervasive, such as the use of newly emerging synthetic drugs synthetic cathinone, synthetic cannabinoids, ecstasy, ketamine, or methamphetamine [ 2021 ], or virtual interactive activities e. These emerging issues may lead to risky behaviors, such as higher probability of unsafe sex, mental health conditions, and drug dependence [ 22242526 ]. The emergence of these problems may lead to the change of sexual behavioral patterns, especially among youths and adolescents [ 2728 ]. These risky behaviors are also influenced by peers [ 2930 ], and the updated information on risk factors is critical.
In Vietnam, two national surveys in and indicated that the mean age of sexual activity has reduced in both genders [ 31 ]. However, we do not know what changes have occurred since There have been several studies on sexual behaviors among the young population [ 3233 ], but they might not be representative of the whole young population in Vietnam.
More recent studies suggest that the proportion of those consistently using condoms in practice is not high [ 3134 ]. Likewise, the Vietnamese youth have a very sexting viet nam abortion rate, and abortions in unregistered medical facilities are alarming [ 3536 ]. These findings suggest that there is a gap between knowledge and risky behaviors among youths in Vietnam.
This study was conducted for the purpose of clarifying current awareness, attitudes, and practices regarding sexual behaviors among young Vietnamese people. In each province, six communes sexting viet nam purposefully selected to represent urban, rural, and mountainous areas two communes per area. Participants from rural, urban, and mountainous areas were invited to an interview if they met eligibility criteria: 1 were 16—30 years old, 2 agreed to participate in the study, and 3 had the ability to read and answer the questionnaire.
We used a convenience sampling method to recruit participants. A total of participants enrolled in the study First, a questionnaire was sent to 10 youths as a pilot to test the self-administrated questionnaire, and only minor changes were made based on their comments about the language of each item. It took approximately 10 minutes to complete the questionnaire.
Participants were provided information about the study and interested individuals before they provided informed consent. Each participant was invited to a private area to ensure confidentiality. Sociodemographic information included gender, living area, occupation, and age. Here are some examples of questions in our questionnaire: 1. Do you want to use a condom when having sex? Choose 1 option only: 1. Yes, 2. No; 2. Have you ever had sex in your lifetime?
No; 3. Never, 2. Once, 3.
More than 2 times, 4. Do not remember. Sexual behaviors: We asked respondents about their sexual behaviors, the age at the first sex, of sex partners, whether they take alcohol or other stimulants before having sex, whether they use condoms for birth control, and whether they had ever had unintended pregnancy or made someone pregnant. Moreover, participants were asked if they smoked cigarettes, water pipe, shisha, etc.
Participants were considered current smokers if they smoked in the last 30 days. Participants were also questioned if they had ever used other substances, like heroin, or other drugs, and a reason for use. STATA version The chi-squared test assessed the differences between the two groups of patients who had or never had sex.
A forward stepwise selection strategy was employed to discard non-ificant factors in our study. Out of the three living areas, the urban area was the location that had the highest proportion of the individuals who reported ever having sex High school students and undergraduate students were the two groups who had the lowest proportion of the individuals who had ever had sex 9.
The proportion of people in mountainous areas who want to use condoms is The proportion of people who took alcohol or other stimulants before having sex was relatively high The percentage of individuals sexting viet nam to use condoms among the participants who had 1—2 sex partners Table 3 shows the factors associated with attitudes and practices of sexual behaviors of the respondents.
Older age was positively associated with not wanting to use condoms and not using condoms. The participants taking alcohol or other stimulants before having sex had a higher likelihood of unintended pregnancy. Gender and employment were also associated with attitudes and practices of sexual behaviors. Our study contributes information on sexual behaviors among the youth in Vietnam. The findings of this study indicated that the rates of young people who did not want or did not have the intention to use condoms during sexual intercourse were alarming.
Moreover, the rate of unwanted pregnancy was likely to increase in the coming years. The factors associated with risky sexual behaviors among Vietnamese youths included gender, living area, educational level, as well as alcohol and drug use. Compared with the research, our result was slightly higher than However, although more sexting viet nam two-thirds of our sample had the intention to use condoms when having a sexual intercourse, the rate of condom use at the latest sexual intercourse was only This finding shows a ificant gap between practice and intention towards condom use among Vietnamese youths.
Our rates of condom use and intention were ificantly lower than those in a nationally representative survey in among youths [ 31 ] and other studies in both developed and developing countries [ 4142 ]. Several reasons may help to explain this phenomenon. First, discussing condoms is still considered a sensitive subject in Vietnam [ 49 ].Sexting viet nam
email: [email protected] - phone:(388) 970-1591 x 2959
UNICEF Congratulates Viet Nam for Launching its First Programme on Child Online Protection