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Your Internet Explorer 11 browser is not supported by this site. Please upgrade to a recent asburgers for the best experience. The term derives from a study by Austrian paediatrician Hans Asperger new evidence about his problematic history has recently been revealed and provoked a big debate. Many people who fit the profile for Asperger syndrome are now being diagnosed asburgers Autistic Spectrum Disorder instead. Each person is different, and it is up to each individual how they choose to identify.
Some people with a diagnosis of Asperger syndrome may choose to keeping using the term, while others may prefer to refer to themselves as autistic or on the autistic spectrum. Autism is a spectrum condition.
All autistic people share certain difficulties, but being autistic will affect them in different ways. Some people with Asperger syndrome also have mental health issues asburgers other conditions, meaning people need different levels and types of support. People with Asperger syndrome see, hear and feel the world differently to other people. Often people feel that Asperger syndrome is a fundamental aspect of their identity. People with Asperger syndrome don't have the learning disabilities that many autistic people have, but they may have specific learning difficulties.
They may have fewer problems with speech but may still have difficulties with understanding and processing language. With the right sort of support, all autistic people can be helped to live a more fulfilling life of their own choosing. Autism, including Asperger syndrome, is much more common than most people think. There are aroundautistic people in the UK — that's more than 1 in People with Asperger syndrome come from all nationalities and cultural, religious and social backgrounds.
Historically, more men have been diagnosed as autistic than women, although this is beginning to change. Some people with Asperger syndrome say the world feels overwhelming and this can cause them considerable anxiety.
In particular, understanding and relating to other people, and taking part in everyday family, school, work and social life, can be harder. Other people appear to know, intuitively, how to communicate and asburgers with each other, yet can also struggle to build rapport with people with Asperger syndrome. Autistic people often do not 'look' disabled. Some parents of autistic children say that other people simply asburgers their child is naughty, while adults may find that they are misunderstood. Some people see a formal diagnosis as an unhelpful label, but for many, getting a thorough assessment and diagnosis may be helpful because:.
The characteristics of Asperger syndrome vary from one person to another, although there are some key traits that autistic people share. These are:. Because Asperger syndrome varies widely from person to person, making a diagnosis can be difficult.
It is often diagnosed later in children than autism and sometimes symptoms may not be recognised and diagnosed until adulthood. Autistic people, including those with Asperger syndrome, often communicate differently. They may have difficulties with interpreting both verbal and non-verbal language like gestures or tone of voice, or it may take them a little longer to understand. Asburgers autistic people have a very literal understanding of language, and think people always mean exactly what they say.
They may find it difficult to use or understand:. These traits can express themselves in different ways. For instance, someone with Asperger syndrome may be very funny or sarcastic themselves, but they may not always pick up on sarcasm. People with Asperger syndrome usually have good language skills, but they may still find it hard to asburgers the expectations of others within conversations, perhaps repeating what the other person has just said this is called echolalia or talking at length about their own interests.
People with Asperger syndrome may need more time to process information, and often find it easier to understand clear, consistent language, rather than abstract turns of phrase. This can make it very hard for them to navigate the social world. Asburgers may:.
This does not mean that autistic people including those with Asperger syndrome lack empathy or the ability to feel emotions. In many cases, they can be more empathetic or emotionally aware than non-autistic people. They may have trouble expressing their feelings in a conventional or socially appropriate way.
For these reasons, some autistic people may find it hard to form friendships. Some may want to interact with other people and make friends, but may be unsure how to go about it. Some people with Asperger syndrome may appear to be much more socially confident or adept than they really are. Many autistic adults develop more traditional skills by mimicking others around them, or by preparing what they are going to say before an event, as though learning a script.
This can be effective, yet exhausting. The world can seem a very unpredictable and confusing place to people with Asperger syndrome, who often prefer to have a daily routine so that they know what is going to happen every day. They may want to always travel the same way to and from school or work, or eat exactly the same food for breakfast. The use of rules can also be important. It asburgers be difficult for someone to take a different approach to something once they have been taught the 'right' way to do it.
They may not be comfortable with the idea of change, but may be able to cope better if they can prepare for changes in advance. Many people with Asperger syndrome have intense and highly focused interests, often from a fairly young age. Asburgers can change over time or be lifelong, and can be anything from asburgers or music, to trains or computers.
An interest may sometimes be unusual. One person loved collecting rubbish, for example.
With encouragement, this particular person developed an interest in recycling and the environment. Many channel their interest into studying, paid work, volunteering, or other meaningful careers or jobs. People with Asperger syndrome often say that the pursuit of such interests is fundamental to their wellbeing and happiness. This reflects the different diagnostic manuals and tools used, and the different autism profiles presented by individuals. Because of recent and upcoming changes to the main diagnostic manuals, asburgers Spectrum Disorder' ASD is now likely to become the most commonly given diagnostic term.
Asperger syndrome remains a useful profile for many diagnosticians and professionals. Asperger syndrome shares its name with Hans Asperger, a prominent figure in the early research into autism who worked asburgers a paediatrician in Austria in the 20th century, including during the time of the Nazis. An eight-year study into his relationship with the Nazi regime was published inconcluding that he assisted in their euthanasia programme. We are listening closely to the response to this news so we can continue to make sure the language we use to describe autism reflects the preferences of autistic people and their families.
Autistic people and their friends and families share their experiences of life on the spectrum. There are funny stories, thought-provoking stories, moving and challenging stories. Explore one of the UK's largest collections of autistic art, poetry, and prose. The Spectrum magazine is created by and for autistic people, and is available both online and in print.
The benefits of an Asperger syndrome diagnosis Some people see a formal diagnosis as an unhelpful label, but for many, getting a thorough assessment and diagnosis may be helpful because: it helps people with Asperger syndrome and their families, partners, employers, colleagues, teachers and friends to understand why they may experience certain difficulties and what they can do about them it allows people to access services and support. Asburgers Asperger syndrome is diagnosed The characteristics of Asperger syndrome vary from one person asburgers another, although there are some key traits that autistic people share.
These are: persistent difficulties with or differences in social communication and social interaction restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviours, activities or interests since early childhood, to the extent that these impact negatively on day to day life. Differences in communication Autistic people, including those with Asperger syndrome, often communicate differently. They may find it difficult to use or understand: facial expressions tone of voice jokes and sarcasm vague or abstract concepts These traits can express themselves in asburgers ways.
Repetitive behaviours and routines The world can seem a very unpredictable and confusing place to people with Asperger syndrome, who often prefer to have a daily routine so that they know what is going to happen every day.
Highly focused interests Many people with Asperger syndrome have intense and highly focused interests, often from a fairly young age. The problematic history of Hans Asperger Asperger syndrome shares its asburgers with Hans Asperger, a prominent figure in the early research into autism who worked as a paediatrician in Austria in the 20th century, including during the time of the Nazis. Asburgers from the Spectrum. The Spectrum magazine. How to talk about autism Tips for journalists and producers on how to describe autism.
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Wrong document context!